Easter Island , or Rapa Nui as the natives call themselves , belongs to the remotest places on earth. The Chilean island, famous for its carved statues, is located in the middle of the southern Pacific Ocean.
For decades, scientists have been wondering how the natives got to the island before the first Europeans came in 1722. Most experts think that the first settlers came to Easter Island at around 1200 A.D. , probably on small boats crisscrossing the Pacific Ocean.
Other anthropologists have been trying to find out if the natives have any connections to early South Americans, three thousand kilometres away. Latest research now claims that the Easter Islanders were, in fact, more isolated than previously thought.
Scientists have been examining the skeletons and bones of five people that go back hundreds of years. However, they have found no evidence that suggests they have might have ancestors in South America.
The first theory of South American ancestry came up when Thor Heyerdahl saw sweet potatoes when he arrived there in the 1950s. He also found people using fishing tools that South Americans also used. Scientists at that time thought the people of the Easter Islands may have sailed to South America and back again some time before the Europeans came.
- ancestor = a member of your family who lived a long time ago
- anthropologist = a person who studies people , their cultures and where they come from
- carved = to cut an object with a knife
- claim = to say that something is true even if you cannot prove it
- Chilean = from Chile
- crisscross = to travel many times back and forth without a certain pattern ; zigzag
- decade = ten years
- evidence = facts that clearly show that something is true or exists
- examine = to look very closely at an object
- however = but
- isolated = here: to be alone and far away from others
- located = can be found
- native = a person who was born in a country or place
- previously = earlier
- remote = very far away from civilisation
- research = the study of a subject in order to find out new facts
- sail = the wind brings you somewhere on a boat
- scientist = a person who is trained in science and works in a lab
- settler = a person who goes to live in a place where not many people have lived before
- sweet potato = a vegetable that looks like a red potato ,is yellow inside and tastes sweet