American Cardiologists Publish New Blood Pressure Guidelines

America’s heart specialists have published new guidelines on blood pressure limits. Now, high blood pressure begins at 130 over 80 instead of 140 over 90.  Under the new guidelines, an additional 30 million Americans are considered to suffer from high blood pressure. 46% of the population have blood pressure above the new limits.

The guidelines were changed because studies have shown that blood pressure above 120/80 put people at a higher risk of getting cardiovascular diseases. It is the first change in standards since 2003.

Although cardiologists say that you shouldn’t get worried if you are above the new limits, you should take it seriously and talk with your doctor about it. The new limits do not automatically raise the risk of having a heart attack or stroke tomorrow but they may affect your overall health within the next 20 to 30 years.

For people who suffer from high blood pressure, doctors recommend changes in lifestyle. Thirty minutes of exercise on five days a week will not only help you lose weight but also lower your blood pressure. A healthy and balanced diet, the reduction of sodium, salt and alcohol, as well as not smoking will also contribute to lowering the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Medical experts recommend checking your blood pressure regularly.

High blood pressure is often called a silent killer because people don’t feel it.  Not treating it over the years can lead to severe heart problems and eventually death. Doctors often prescribe medicine that lowers blood pressure, even if patients are within safe limits.

 

Checking blood pressure
Checking blood pressure – Image : www.volganet.ru

Words

  • additional = extra
  • affect = influence , change
  • although = while even if
  • balanced diet = when you eat many different types of food
  • blood pressure = the force with which blood travels through your body; it is expressed in two numbers, for example, 120/80 . The first number shows the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart beats and pushes blood through your body, the second number refers to the pressure between heartbeats.
  • cardiologist = doctor who studies and treats heart diseases
  • cardiovascular disease = illness that is connected to the heart and the tubes that push blood around your body
  • considered = thought to …
  • contribute = help
  • eventually = slowly, as time goes on, in the end
  • exercise = physical activities that help you stay healthy and make your body stronger
  • guideline = here: rules, instructions or limits that doctors suggest
  • heart attack = when your heart suddenly stops beating
  • lead to = cause
  • lifestyle = the way you live, what you eat etc..
  • limit = range
  • lower = reduce
  • prescribe = to say what medicine a person should take
  • publish = to make information possible for everyone to read
  • raise = increase, move up
  • recommend = suggest
  • reduce , reduction = to lower the amount of something
  • regularly = often, like once a week or once a month
  • risk = danger
  • seriously = it is important
  • severe= very serious, dangerous
  • sodium = the chemical Na; it is in salt
  • standards = guidelines
  • stroke = a blood vessel in your brain suddenly bursts  or becomes blocked, so that you may die or not be able to move or use  some muscles
  • study = piece of work that is done in order to find out more about a subject
  • suffer = to have a disease or disorder for a longer time
  • treat = cure an illness or disease  by using medicine
  • weight = how heavy you are