For the first time in history, China has overtaken the United States in the number of supercomputers. Currently, China has a total of 202 of the world’s 500 fastest computers, up from 159 half a year ago. The number of US supercomputers has dropped to 144.
The world’s most powerful computer is located in China. The Sunway TaihuLight , at Wuxi can do 93 quadrillion calculations per second. The fastest US computer, the Titan, is ranked fifth while Europe’s speediest computer is Switzerland’s Piz Daint, ranked third.
Supercomputers are machines that occupy entire buildings and use the combined power of thousands of processors. They are used to carry out special tasks that involve a huge number of calculations. Among them are weather forecasts and climate studies, as well as strategic tasks like nuclear weapons simulations.
Chinese supremacy in the world of supercomputing reflects the country’s investment in research and development. One-fifth of the money used on research and development around the world is spent in China.
On the other side, many Chinese systems have been created to earn money. Processing power is rented to other national and international companies.
For years the speed of supercomputers has steadily increased although since 2012 this increase has slowed down.
- although = while
- calculation = here: a single task
- combined = everything put together
- create = make
- currently = at the moment, now
- drop = go down
- entire = whole
- huge = very big; very many
- investment = to use money for special things
- involve = need
- located = can be found
- nuclear weapons simulation = here: software that tries to find out how nuclear bombs will affect the world and its population if they are used
- occupy = use up; need
- overtake = to be better than
- processor = central part fo a computer that deals with commands and the information you give it
- quadrillion= the number one followed by 24 zeros
- ranked = position in a list
- reflect = show, demonstrate
- rent = let someone use something for money
- research and development = to study special fields and use new ideas to create new things
- speediest = fastest
- steadily = slowly
- strategic = here: about the military
- supremacy = being number one or the best in the world
- task = piece of work
- weather forecast = a description of what the weather will be like in the next few days