A new report concludes that environmental pollution is world’s number one killer. Every year it kills more people than global wars , natural catastrophes, or hunger. About 9 million people die prematurely every year because of our polluted environment. Experts state that this costs about $4.5 trillion a year, 6% of the world economy.
Researchers say that pollution has never reached such a dangerous level before. Pollution-related deaths are one and a half times higher than the number of people killed through smoking and six times higher than people who die in road accidents. The real figures are thought to be even higher because pollution isn’t monitored in some remote place in Africa , South America or Asia.
Two thirds of the deaths are caused by air pollution. Burning wood and coal, as well as fumes of cars and other vehicles cause 6.5 million deaths every year.
The authors of the new report examined not only air quality , but took soil and water probes as well. They received additional data from the World Health Organisation.
Most of the deaths occur in poor developing countries , where governments care less about the environment and do not have strict laws in effect. Bangladesh and Somalia are among the most polluted countries. In India, the second most populous country in the world, one out of four deaths is caused by some form of pollution. China’s environment is also considered to be one of the deadliest in the world.
On the other side Sweden and Brunei have the lowest pollution levels. Pollution in developed countries is especially high in low-income areas of large cities, whereas the rural countryside shows very low pollution levels.
The report makes a few recommendations . Fighting pollution should become a priority everywhere and more funds should be made available to combat pollution.
- additional data = more facts and information
- available = to be used
- coal = hard black stone which is dug out of the earth and can be used to produce heat and energy
- combat = fight
- conclude = to come to a result
- developed countries = the richest countries in the world
- developing countries = the poorest countries in the world
- economy = the system of products , services and money in a country
- environmental pollution = the process of making air, water and soil dangerously dirty so that we cannot use it
- especially = above all
- examine = to look at something closely
- fumes = gases and smoke that come out of a car or factory
- funds = money
- global = worldwide
- government = the people who rule a country
- level = amount
- low-income = people earn very little money
- monitor = watch closely
- occur = happen
- populous = many people live there
- prematurely = something that happens before the normal time
- priority = the thing that you think is most important and that needs attention before anything else
- probe = a sample of water or soil
- recommendation = suggestion
- remote = faraway
- researcher = person who studies a subject very closely in order to get more information about it
- rural = countryside
- soil = the top layer of the earth, on which plants can grow
- state = to say that something is true
- strict = something that you must obey
- whereas = on the other side
- World Health Organisation = UN organisation that helps countries improve the health of the population by giving medicine and offering information about diseases
- vehicle = machine with an engine that is used to take people or things from one place to another