The Indonesian capital Jakarta is in danger of sinking . According to a new report by environmentalist groups the city could be completely submerged by 2050. Jakarta is one of the most densely populated cities in the world – home to about 10 million people.
Jakarta is sinking at an average of 10 cm a year and , currently, half of it is already below sea level. Even more alarming, the luxurious northern part of the capital, with its modern buildings and high-rises has sunk by 2.5 meters in the past decade.
Sinking is partly due to the 13 rivers that flow through the Indonesian capital. Torrential rainfall in the monsoon season causes flooding on a regular basis.
In addition to natural causes, part of the problem is man-made. The city does not have enough piped water for its growing population. Authorities can only supply about 40% of the clean water that the city needs. Many people draw water out of the ground for drinking and other purposes. As a result the land above the ground water sinks.
As in many Third World cities, infrastructure cannot keep up with the growing population. There are not enough sewers and a lack of pipes for the city’s water supplies. Indonesian authorities are now considering evacuating and relocating millions of people if the city continues to sink.
Global warming is also playing its part in Jakarta’s dilemma. As ocean levels are rising more and more water is being forced into the city, causing rivers to sometimes flow upstream. Plans are under way to build a sea wall to keep ocean water out of the city.
- according to = as reported by …
- authorities = group of people in the city who have the power to make decisions
- average = here: in a normal year
- capital = the most important city in a country; usually where the government is
- cause = lead to
- consider = think about
- currently = at the moment, now
- decade = ten years
- densely populated = many people live on a small area of land
- draw = pull
- due to = because of
- environmentalist = person who cares about nature
- evacuate = here: to move people to a safer area
- force = the power with which something moves
- global warming = the increase in the world’s temperatures
- high-rise = tall building with many floors
- in addition = also
- infrastructure = the basic systems that a city or country needs in order to work the way it should: for example roads, hospitals, bridges, public transport etc…
- lack = not enough
- natural causes = here: problems that are caused by nature
- partly = some of it, but not all of it
- piped water = clean water that runs through tubes to people’s homes
- purpose = for something you want to do
- relocate = to move a person to another place
- sea level = the normal height of the sea, used as a standard for measuring other objects
- sewer = pipe under ground that carries away waste material and dirty water from houses and factories
- submerge = to cover completely with water
- supply = give to the people
- torrential rainfall = very very heavy rain
- upstream = in the opposite direction of the way a river normally flows