Baba Vanga, a mystic Bulgarian woman who died in 1996, has been known for predicting future events. She predicted the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the rise of Islamic terrorism and the Christmas tsunami of 2004. For 2018, there are two events that the blind woman said would become true.
China will overtake the USA as the world’s number one economic power and scientists will discover a new form of energy on our sister planet Venus. These two predictions may, in fact, just have a chance of becoming reality.
China’s economy has been growing steadily for many years. Today, China’s share of the world’s economy is at 15.6 % while the US still is the largest economic power at 16.7% . Many experts say that China will be overtaking the USA soon.
On the other side, NASA is not planning to send a space probe to Venus but will send a spacecraft to the sun in 2018. The mission was scheduled for 2015 but postponed because of technical problems. The probe will fly by Venus and scientists do not rule out new discoveries of the planet that may be made.
Baba Vanga, whom many followers call the Nostradamus of the Balkans, made predictions up to the year 5079, when, according to her, the world and the universe will come to an end. In 2028 the world will suffer a global hunger crisis and in 3005 a war on Mars will change the trajectory of the planet.
Referring to her predictions of 9/11 and Brexit, Baba Vanga said that two birds of steel would attack America and Europe would cease to exist in its known form by the end of 2016.
according to = as said by …
Balkans = countries in the southeast part of Europe
cease to exist = here: not exist anymore
discover = to find something for the first time
economy = system by which a country buys and sells goods and manages its money
follower = person who believes in what someone else teaches or says
global = worldwide
mission = trip by a spacecraft to the sun, moon or another planet in order to get information
mystic = person who tries to get to know facts by praying, and talking with God
overtake = here: to be better than ..
postpone = to change the date of an event to a later one
predict – prediction = to say that something will happen in the future
probe = spaceship without people in it that is sent into space to collect information
referring to = to mention or talk about something
rise = here: when someone becomes very powerful
rule out = to decide that something is not possible
scheduled = planned
scientist = a person who works in a lab and is trained in science
share = part
spacecraft = object that can travel in space
steadily = slowly and regularly
suffer = to be in a bad situation
trajectory = path that a planet takes around the sun
tsunami = very large wave that can flood large areas when it hits the coast
universe = all space, including all the stars and planets
The World Health Organisation has added the term “gaming disorder” to its International Classification of Diseases. It refers to people who are addicted to video and other games and cannot stop. It is the first update in the WHO’s catalogue in almost three decades.
According to the WHO, gaming becomes a disorder if you are unable to control how long you play and when to stop. When that happens, it gets control of your life, influences everyday situations and affects your daily routine. WHO officials say that excessive gaming is a serious disorder that must be closely watched
In order for a person to be regarded as having a gaming disorder, the behaviour must be going on for at least one year, either constantly or in phases. Gamers put their addiction above their family life, meeting with friends and going to school.
On one side studies have shown that playing video games may help with problems likedepression anddementia.However, gaming is highlyaddictive and many people play for a longer time than is healthy. As a result, people get fired for not going to work or miss school classes for a longer period of time.
Many continue with their addiction, even if they see and realize the negative consequences it leads to.
according to = as said by …
addicted to = not able to stop doing something that may be harmful
addiction = when you have to and want to do something regularly
behaviour = here: too much gaming
classification = when you put people into a group
consequence = result
constantly = all the time, without interruption
daily routine = what you normally do every day
decade = ten years
dementia = illness that affects the brain, in which you cannot think clearly and behave in a normal way; you also forget a lot of things
depression = situation in which you are unhappy, nervous and cannot live a normal life
disorder = mental or physical illness which stops your body from working the way it should
excessive = too much
get fired = lose your job
highly addictive = here: the will to play a game is so strong you cannot stop
however = but
influence = change
official = person who is in a high position in an organisation
realize = understand how bad the situation is
refer = to be about something
regard as = here: to put a person into this category
serious = very bad
studies = work that is done to find out more about a topic
update = change
World Health Organisation (WHO) = international organisation that is part of the United Nations, which helps countries improve the health of their population; it also offers information about diseases and provides medicine
For the second year in a row life expectancy in the United States has decreased. One of the main reasons is the rise in opioid-related deaths, especially with young adults.
Life expectancy in 2016 was 78.6 years, compared with 78.4 years two years earlier. It is the first two-year decline in over 50 years. While life expectancy in other parts of the world is going up, the average American is dying at an earlier age.
According to a recently published report, overdoses of painkillers and other opioids are causing more and more premature deaths. The figures have risen from 6.1 per 100,000 people in 1999 to 21 per 100,000 people in 2016.
Last year 63 000 people died from some form of drug overdose. While 15000 of them were heroinaddicts an alarming 14000 died from other painkillers. Most of them were in the 28-54 year age group.
In many cases, drug abuse is caused by a general dissatisfaction with a person’s personal situation. This results indepression and hopelessness if addicts don’t have a family to support them. Such victims don’t have the stability that they need. As a consequence, they turn to alcohol and drugs.
Opioids are drugs that reducepain by targeting pain receptors in the brain. You need a doctor’s prescription to get them, but more and more people are buying them illegally on the streets.
While many start out with painkilling drugs, they later turn to heroin, also an opioid. In the terminal stages of cancer, morphine is often used to reduce a patient’s pain.
abuse = using something in a way that you shouldn’t
according to = as reported by …
addict = someone who is not able to stop taking drugs
as a consequence = this results in; it leads to
average = normal
brain = organ in your head that control your thoughts, feelings and movements
cancer = very serious illness in which cells in your body grow in an uncontrollable way
compared with= to look at two things and see how they are different
decline = when something goes down
decrease = to go down
depression = a medical condition in which you are unhappy with yourself and cannot lead a normal life
dissatisfaction = here: not being happy with yourself
especially = above all
heroin = powerful and illegal drug made of morphine
illegally = not allowed; against the law
life expectancy = the number of years a person is expected to live
morphine = powerful drug that is used to make people calmer and stop the pain
opioid = a drug that acts on the nervous system to reduce pain
overdose = to take too much of a drug at one time
pain = the feeling you have when part of your body hurts
painkiller = medicine which removes or reduces pain
premature = when something happens before the natural time
prescription = piece of paper that a doctor writes so that an ill person can get medicine
recently = a short time ago
receptor = a nerve ending that gets information and causes the body to react in a special way
reduce = lower
result in = lead to, be the reason for somehting
stability = here: strength
target = attack
terminal stages = the last days, weeks or months before a person dies of an illness
More than a hundred years after it had disappeared, Australia’s first submarine was finally discovered. The submarine, called AE-1 , went missing on September 14, 1914, with a crew of 35 on board. It was the first Allied submarine loss of the war.
After decades of searching, the missing Australian sub was found about 300 metresunderwater, off the coast of Papua New Guinea. It appears to be well-preserved and in one piece. Experts are now trying to examine the wreck and find out why the sub sank. They think it was probably an accident and not because of enemy fire.
The sub was on a mission to occupy German New Guinea, one of the German colonies in the Pacific.
In the past, there were 13 government – funded searches for the sub but, until now, none of them proved successful. When thesubmarinewasfound navyofficials held a commemorative service for the crew that the Australian navy had lost. Families were contacted and told that the oldest naval mystery in Australian history had finally been solved.
Allied = group of countries that fought together in the first and second World Wars
appear = seems to be
coast = where land meets the sea
colony = area that is under control by a government that is far away
commemorative service = event that shows you remember and respect something important that happened a long time ago
crew = all the people who worked on the sub
decade = ten years
disappear = here: to get lost
discover = here : find
enemy fire = attack by the enemy
examine = look at something closely in order to find out more about it
government – funded = paid for by the state
in one piece = not broken
loss = not having something anymore
mission = important job, done by the army, air force or navy
naval = about the navy
navy = part of a country’s military that fights at sea
occupy = to enter a place with an army and keep control of it
official = here: a person in a high position in an organisation
prove successful = if something you try to do really works the way you want it to
submarine = ship that can stay underwater for a longer period of time
A human embryo that was frozen 24 years ago has now become a baby girl. Emma Wren Gibson was born in Knoxville, Tennessee from an embryo frozen in 1992. The mother, Tina Gibson, at 25, is only a year older than the embryo. It is the longest known frozen embryo that has successfully become a baby.
The Gibsons are unable to have children of their own and, in the past, have taken care of several other children.
Couples who use IVF to have a baby usually end up with more embryos than they need. They can decide to store them for later use, dispose of them or donate them for scientific research. Many parents who have leftover embryos give them to special centres where they can be used for others.
Doctors claim them frozen embryos can develop just as well as fresh ones. The dangerous part, however, is the thawing process.Only about 75% of all frozen embryos survive it. Health experts think that there may be up to a million frozen embryos in the United States.
For those who can’t have babies, using a frozen embryo from a donation centre is similar to adoption, only that the baby grows inside the adoptive mother.
adoptive = to become parent of a child that isn’t your own
claim = to say that something is true
develop = grow
dispose of = get rid of; destroy
donate = give something to an organisation in order to help
donation centre = here: a place where couples can give embryos they don’t need for others to use
embryo = a human being that has not yet been born but just started to develop
however = but
IVF = in vitro fertilisation = process in which a human egg gets together with male sperm outside a woman’s body; it is also called a test-tube baby
leftover = here: embryos that you do not need any more
scientific research = when scientists try to find out more about a disease or medical problem
similar = like
store = to put things away and keep them somewhere until they are needed
successfully = having the effect that you wanted
survive= live on after a dangerous situation
take care of = to care for someone or look after them
thawing process = here: to take an embryo out of a freezer and wait until its body temperature becomes normal
California’s Department of Health has published new guidelines on how to handle cell phones. It warns that radiationemitted from cell phones can be harmful but does not say that cell phones are dangerous.
.Health authorities in California suggest a few measures cell phone users should take. When sleeping, you should keep your phone at least an arm’s length away from your body. You should also avoid keeping your cell phone in your pocket. They also recommend only using cell phones when reception is strong.
Some doctors agree that carrying cell phones close to your body could increase the risk of getting brain tumours , cancer and becoming infertile. It may also lead to headaches, hearing problems and a lossof memory. On the other side, there are many health experts who say that the risks cell phone usage present are not proven
Cell phones emitradiation in the form of low-energy radio waves when they receive and send signals from cell towers. The frequencies that cell phones use could be linked to various illnesses.
The new cell phone guidelines have existed since 2009 but not been published. Recently, a Berkeley professor won a lawsuit against the Department of Health to release the guidelines to the public and push for more action.
authorities = government organisation that can make decisions
avoid = stop; not do something
brain tumour = illness in your brain in which cells increase in an uncontrolled way
cancer = serious disease in which cells in one part of your body start to grow in a way that is not normal
cell tower = high object that sends out and receives cell phone signals
Department of Health = authorities that are responsible for health programs and health information that is given to the public
emit = release, send out
guidelines = instructions on how people should do something or deal with something
handle = use
increase = go up
infertile = if you are not able to have babies
lawsuit = a problem that is settled by a judge in court
loss of memory = when you start forgetting things
public = the people in general
publish = to release official information to all people
radiation = form of energy that is sent out as waves that you cannot see
receive = pick up, get
recently = a short time ago
reception = the quality of the signal you get for your cell phone
NASA has discovered the eighth planet of a star system, similar to our solar system. The star, Kepler-90 is over 2,500 light years away and larger and hotter than our sun. It is the first star known to have as many planets as our solar system.
The Kepler-90 star system is much more compact than our solar system. The outermost planet orbits the star at about the same distance as the earth orbits the sun. its inner planets are small and rocky while the outer ones are larger and made up of gas
The newly discovered planet, Kepler -90i, is the third celestial object in the star system. It is probably rocky and similar to our earth, but because of its closeness to its home star has an averagesurface temperature of about 400° C. It moves around the star once every 14.4 days.
The discovery was made based ondataprovided by the Kepler space telescope. Launched in March 2009, the telescope has constantly been scanning certain sections of the universe in search of new stars and planetary systems. Up to now, over 2,000 new worlds have been discovered.
To help analyse the data NASA has been relying on artificial intelligence software supplied by Google. This software examines weak signals of light when objects pass in front of a star. The new way of examining data is expected to reveal even more new planets in the future.
artificial intelligence = when computers do intelligent things that only people can do, such as think and make their own decisions
average = normal, usual
based on = use
celestial = about the sky
closeness = being close to something
compact = here: the planets are closer together and near to the star
constantly = always
data = information
discover = to find something for the first time
distance = the amount of space between two objects
examine = look at something closely
launch = to send an object into space
light year = the distance light travels in one year = 9,460,000,000,000 km
orbit = to go around
outermost = the farthest away from something
planetary system = star with planets moving around it
provide = give
rely = depend on; need
reveal = to show something that was not known before
rocky = covered with or made of rocks; here: a hard surface
scan = when a machine looks at things carefully but quickly
similar = like
solar system = our sun and the eight planets that move around it
surface temperature = temperature you get when you stand on the planet
For the first time, scientists have recorded a humming sound that the earth has probably been producing for a long time. Scientists have been aware of the hum for decades, but for the first time, a team of experts have actually been able to record it
57 seismometers were placed over millions of square kilometres of the Indian Ocean. Ultralow radio frequencies were recorded on the ocean’s floor
For some time, geologists have pointed out that the earth is not silent but vibrates almost everywhere. However, it is a sound with a frequency thousands of times lower than what the human ear can hear.
Scientists don’t know what causes the earth’s hum but could learn more by getting a clearer audio signal. There are a few theories about where the sound may come from. Some say that it’s the echo of waves crashing onto the coast, while others think that it may be the atmospherein motion. Geologists, however, agree that the sound does not come from earthquakes because it is continuous.
In 1998 Japanese scientists proved that the earth’s hum was real, but nobody has been able to record it until now. Geologists hope that by analysing the recording they can get more information on the interior structure of the earth.
agree = to have the same opinion
analyse = look at very closely in order to get more facts
atmosphere = the mixture of gases that surrounds a planet
audio signal = sound
aware = to know that something exists
cause = the reason for something
continuous = when something goes on all the time
crash = to hit something very hard
decade = ten years
earthquake = a sudden shaking of the earth’s surface that causes a lot of damage
geologist = person who studies rocks and how they make up the surface of the earth
humming = a steady low sound
in motion = moving
interior structure = what something consists of, or what it is made up of inside
place = put, install
point out = to say how important something is
radio frequency = waves that are produced when you send out a radio signal
record = information about something that is written down or stored on a computer
seismometer = machine that measures how the ground moves
vibrate = to shake quickly and steadily in very small movements
Boxing Day, the 26th of December, has become a traditional day of sports in the UK, with many events taking place all across the country.
The day got its name from a time when many upper-class families gave boxes of gifts to poor people who had to work at Christmas while everybody else was celebrating. Boxing Day is celebrated in many Commonwealth countries.
The first important sports event on Boxing Day took place back in 1860 when two of the oldest football clubs in England played against each other. Today the Englisch Premier Leagueschedules a full round of matches on this Christmas holiday. In many cases, teams that are geographically close to each other play on Boxing Day so that fans do not have that far to travel.
While most European football leagues take a winter break, sometimes for several weeks, English football continues between Christmas and New Year.
The holiday schedule is welcomed by many football fans, but there are criticshowever who say that the Christmas season is a time when everybody should be at home with their families. Some managerspoint out that the season is very long and major teams need a break for players to recover from injuries.
Football is not the only popular sport that is played on Boxing Day. Horse racing and rugby have also seen regular sports events on the second day of Christmas. Traditional fox hunting is opposed by more and more Britons. In addition, Boxing Day has become one of the strongest betting days of the year.
betting = when people risk money on the results of games or future events
break = pause; a time during which you have no games
celebrate = to have fun or do something special
Commonwealth = group of about 50 countries that were once a part of the British Empire
critics = people who think that certain things are not good
everybody else = all the other people
gift = present
however = but
in addition = also
injury = when a part of your body gets hurt
major = important
manager = someone who is in charge of and coaches a football team
oppose = to be against
point out = to say something that is important for you
Premier League = the 20 best football teams of England an Wales which play against each other
recover = to get better
schedule = to plan something for a certain time
traditional = something that has existed for a long time
UK = United Kingdom
welcome = to be glad that something happens
winter break = time during which teams do not play because it is too cold or there is too much snow on the ground
The International Olympic Committee has banned Russia from taking part in the 2018 Winter Olympic Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea. Russian officials are not allowed to take part in the opening ceremony and the Russian flag will not be raised.
Russian athletes, however, will be able to take part as individuals under a neutral flag if the IOC has determined that they have been clean athletes in the past.
The decision comes after the International Olympic Committee (IOC) confirmed that Russia was guilty of systematic doping during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. In a case of state-sponsored doping, officials tampered with urine samples to hide athletes’ drug abuse. More than 20 Russian athletes, among them some medal winners, have been disqualified from the final Sochi results.
The whole investigation into the doping claim started when Grigory Rodchenko, director of Russia’s anti-doping lab in Sochi 2014, defected to the United States. He stated that the country ran an official doping programme and switched samples during the Games. Doping was especiallywidespread in sports like biathlon and cross-country skiing. A report by the World’s anti-doping organization (WADA) stated that between 2012 and 2015 a thousand Russian athletes in 30 sports benefited from the programme.
Although many countries welcomed the IOC’s decision, it was sharply criticized in Russia. Some officials urged the country not to allow any of its athletes to take part in Pyeongchang Olympics. Russia would have ranked first in the Sochi medal table, but lost 13 medals because of the scandal, 4 of them in gold.
although = while
athlete = someone who takes part in a sports competition
ban = an order that does not allow a country to take part
benefit = something that helps you get better
biathlon = event in which athletes ski across fields and then shoot a rifle
claim = to say that something is true even if you have not proved it
clean athlete = an athlete who has not taken any illegal drugs
confirm = to say that something is true by giving proof
cross-country skiing = a race in which you ski-across fields
decision = order
defect = to leave your home country to go somewhere else, mostly because you have something to be afraid of
determine = find out the facts
disqualify = to take athletes out of the official results
doping = the practice of using drugs to improve performance in sport
drug abuse = here: taking drugs illegally
especially = above all
guilty = to do something that is not allowed
however = but
individual = here: a single person, not part of a country’s team
investigation = here: when organizations try to find out the truth about something
medal table = list that shows the number of medals that each country has won
official = person in a high position in an organisation
opening ceremony = the first event at the start of the Olympic Games
raise = put up
rank = the position in a table
sharply = very strongly
state-sponsored = the government knew about doping
switch = replace, exchange
tamper = to change something without permission
urge = to strongly suggest that you do something
urine samples = yellow liquid waste that comes out of your body; by examining urine experts can see if there are any illegal substances that an athlete has taken