The World Health Organisation has added the term “gaming disorder” to its International Classification of Diseases. It refers to people who are addicted to video and other games and cannot stop. It is the first update in the WHO’s catalogue in almost three decades.
According to the WHO, gaming becomes a disorder if you are unable to control how long you play and when to stop. When that happens, it gets control of your life, influences everyday situations and affects your daily routine. WHO officials say that excessive gaming is a serious disorder that must be closely watched
In order for a person to be regarded as having a gaming disorder, the behaviour must be going on for at least one year, either constantly or in phases. Gamers put their addiction above their family life, meeting with friends and going to school.
On one side studies have shown that playing video games may help with problems likedepression anddementia.However, gaming is highlyaddictive and many people play for a longer time than is healthy. As a result, people get fired for not going to work or miss school classes for a longer period of time.
Many continue with their addiction, even if they see and realize the negative consequences it leads to.
according to = as said by …
addicted to = not able to stop doing something that may be harmful
addiction = when you have to and want to do something regularly
behaviour = here: too much gaming
classification = when you put people into a group
consequence = result
constantly = all the time, without interruption
daily routine = what you normally do every day
decade = ten years
dementia = illness that affects the brain, in which you cannot think clearly and behave in a normal way; you also forget a lot of things
depression = situation in which you are unhappy, nervous and cannot live a normal life
disorder = mental or physical illness which stops your body from working the way it should
excessive = too much
get fired = lose your job
highly addictive = here: the will to play a game is so strong you cannot stop
however = but
influence = change
official = person who is in a high position in an organisation
realize = understand how bad the situation is
refer = to be about something
regard as = here: to put a person into this category
serious = very bad
studies = work that is done to find out more about a topic
update = change
World Health Organisation (WHO) = international organisation that is part of the United Nations, which helps countries improve the health of their population; it also offers information about diseases and provides medicine
Entertainment giant Disney has announced that it intends to start its own streaming service in 2019. Subscription prices will be much lower than those of Netflix and other competitors but the new service will not be able to compete with Netflix as far as quantity goes.
In addition to showing films like Toy Story 4 and Frozen 2, Disney is also planning the production of a new Star Wars trilogy, a Star Wars TV series and several Marvel movies. The company is also working on TV adaptations of Pixar’s Monsters, Inc.
Disney will also launch a new ESPN streaming service next year. It will feature many sports events including Major League Baseball, soccer and others.
Netflix has been streaming Disney and Pixar content for several years. Now Disney wants to pull their own content from Netflix’s services. A surveyconducted shortly after the announcement of the new streaming platform showed that two out of 10 Netflix subscribers were willing to switch to Disney.
The world’s largest streaming service has announced that it will spend up to $7 billion on their own productions in 2018. They hope that focusing on original content will make viewers stay on board.
Consumers will have a tough time choosing which service offers the best content. In some cases, they may have to have several accounts in order to watch all their favourite shows and films.
account = here: an agreement that lets you use a service; you have to have a username and password to log in
announce = to say officially, in public
billion = a thousand million
competitor = here: a business that does the same thing and wants to have more success
conduct = carry out
consumer = person who buys something or uses a service and pays for it
content = films and TV shows
focus on = concentrate on; give special attention to
in addition = also
intend = plan; if you want to do something
original content = the films and TV series they produce themselves, not the ones they buy from other companies
quantity = here: the number of TVs shows and films that people can watch
streaming service = a service that shows TV shows and movies on the Internet whenever you want to see them, not when they are broadcast on a TV channel
subscription = here: the money you pay every month in order to watch a streaming service
survey = a set of questions you ask a number of people in order to find out what they want
The American video streaming service Netflix has 100 million subscribers around the world. This year alone the company has gained almost 5 million new viewers. Its content can now be seen used in 190 countries. Almost half of Netflix’s subscribers live in the United States.
The company expects to expand even more quickly as services in Asia, Africa and Latin America have just been started. Almost 75% of the world’s population live here.
A major part of Netflix’s success comes from producing its own shows. “House of Cards” or “Stranger Things” have won many awards become worldwide hits.
The success of the video streaming giant is also reflected at the stock markets. At the moment, Netflix has a market value of $63 billion and its stock price continues to rise.
In the past decade, Netflix has changed the way we watch television. More and more people are turning away from traditional TV, where you have to watch a film when it is aired or wait a week to watch the next episode of your favourite show. With video on demand viewers tend to watch whatever they want when they want to.
Competitors of Netflix have started to gain ground and are trying to make life tough for the streaming giant. Amazon Prime has launched its own streaming service and the big US networks are streaming their own shows as well.
air = broadcast on television
award = prize
content = here: films and movies it offers
continue = to go on
decade = ten years
expand = to make bigger
gain = to become more ; get
gain ground = catch up with; to become better
launch = start
reflect = show
rise = go up
stock market = place where parts of companies and businesses are bought and sold
streaming service = when you can watch a video while it is being broadcast over the Internet
subscriber = person who pays money every month to use something
success = to achieve what you wanted; to become very good at what you do
tend = have a habit of doing something; to do something regularly
tough = hard
value = what something is worth
video on demand = you can watch something whenever you want to
viewer = a person who watches something on TV or the Internet