Bob Dylan, one of America’s pop and folk music legends, has turned 80. The 10-times Grammy winner recorded over 35 studio albums and sold 125 million records in a career spanning more than 60 years.
Dylan was born as Robert Zimmermann in Duluth, Minnesota on May 25, 1941. During his early life he was strongly influenced and inspired by folk music performers of the 50s and 60s, such as Woodie Guthrie and Hank Williams.
Dylan came to be a great singer and songwriter. In the troublesome 1960s he wrote songs about the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights movement. His greatest hits include The Times They Are A’Changing about the generation gap between the young and old, Blowin’ in the Wind, a protest song about peace, war and freedom and Like A Rolling Stone, a story about a once successful young woman who lost the meaning of life.
In 2016 Dylan received the Nobel Prize for Literature for creating poetic lyrics in his songs. Last December he sold his complete catalog of over 600 songs to Universal Music Publishing for more than 300 million dollars.
Civil Rights movement = time between the 1950s and 1960s in which African Americans fought for the same rights as white people
Grammy = prize given to pop groups and singers
influence = the way something changes you
inspire = to make someone feel something in a certain way
The 93rd Academy Awards were different from events of the past. Due to the coronavirus pandemic it was delayed for two months. Instead of its normal venue, the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles, the awards took place at the city’s Union Station. Some nominees were there in person, others took part via video screen. There was no host and no audience.
The big winner of the evening was Nomadland, the story of a woman who lives in a van in the western US after the financial crash. Apart from winning the prize for the Best Movie, Nomadland’s director, China-born Chloe Zhao became only the second woman in history to win the prize for Best Director. Frances McDormand was awarded the Oscar for the Best Actress.
The biggest surprise of the evening came for British actor Sir Anthony Hopkins, who received the Oscar for Best Actor. In The Father, Hopkins plays a man suffering from dementia. He has become the oldest actor ever to win an Oscar, his second after Silence of the Lambs 29 years ago.
Another British actor, Daniel Kaluuya got an Oscar in the category Best Supporting Actor for his role as a Black Panther leader in Judas and the Black Messiah.
audience = people who watch at an event
Black Panther = group of African Americans in the 1960s and 70s who supported the use of violence in order to get better treatment
delay = when something happens later, not when it should
dementia = illness that affects the brain; you are not able to think clearly and forget a lot of things
director = someone who gives actors and other people instructions when making a film
due to = because of
financial crash = when money loses its value and people can’t buy things anymore
nominee = person who has been suggested for a prize
pandemic = a disease that affects many people all over the world
van = a large, box-like car that carries people or goods