London’s City Airport has become the first major commercial airport in the world to become fully remote controlled. Normally, air controllers sit at the top of a tower at the airport. At City Airport they are operating take-offs and landings from 70 miles away. It is the first time remote-control technology is used at a commercial airport.
Air traffic controllers can see everything that happens from 14 cameras that sit atop a 50-m high tower. The cameras record everything that happens on the runways and can be set to pan around and zoom in on certain areas. Controllers also receive weather and aircraft information on their screens .
The technology was developed by a Swedish company and has been tested at Swedish airports. Several backup systemsprovide security in case the something goes wrong with the main computers. British authorities claim that the new technology is safe and will make operating an airport more efficient.
aircraft = airplane
air traffic controller = someone whose job it is to give instructions to pilots by radio
atop = on top of
authorities = the people or organizations in control of something
backup systems = computers that start working when the main computers are damaged or don’t work the way they should
claim = to say that something is true
commercial = used by businesses, not military or private
develop = make something new for the first time
efficient = to work in a better way
fully = completely
major = important
pan around = to move around and follow an object
provide = give
receive = get
remote-controlled = operating or working on something from a distance
security = things that are done to protect something
IBM has created a new computer chip that will improve performance by 50%. 50 billion transistors can be placed on a 2nm chip the size of a fingernail. Up to now IBM, has produced 7nm chips. More transistors, the basic parts of computer chips, lead to better performance.
In addition, the new chip uses up to 75% less energy. This will increase the battery life of cell phones dramatically. The chip is also expected to boost performance in huge datacenters that need a lot of power. Faster graphic cards and speedier object detection on cameras are other effects of the new chip. Artificial intelligence, which relies heavily on computing power, would profit massively from a new generation of chips.
Even though computer experts are excited about the new development, it will take a few years before the new chip can be mass-produced. This comes at a time when a shortage of computer chips has hit major manufacturing areas, including the automobile industry and smartphone production.
For years IBM has been concentrating on chip development and sold its chip production in 2014.
artificial intelligence = the way computers do intelligent things that people can do, like thinking and making decisions
boost = increase, make better
concentrate = focus on
datacenter = large building with many computers
development = making a new product
even though= while
heavily = a lot
hit = affect
huge = very large
improve = to make better
increase = improve, to make better
in addition = also
manufacturing = production
mass-produced = to make something cheaply in large numbers
object detection = the way you find and identify an object or person
performance = how well something works
rely on = need
shortage = not enough
speedier = faster
transistor = a very small object that controls the flow of electricity